Tools & References

Country-specific presentations and summary reports, as well as discussion papers on the intersections of climate change, agriculture, gender and nutrition.

Using natural areas and empowering women to buffer food security and nutrition from climate shocks: Evidence from Ghana, Zambia, and Bangladesh

As climate change makes precipitation shocks more common, policymakers are becoming increasingly interested in protecting food systems and nutrition outcomes from the damaging effects of droughts and floods (Wheeler and von Braun, 2013). Increasing the resilience of nutrition and food security outcomes is especially critical throughout agrarian parts of the developing world, where human subsistence and well-being are directly affected by local rainfall. In this study, we use data from Feed the Future datasets from Ghana, Zambia, and Bangladesh to examine the impact of precipitation extremes on food security as well as the role of natural land cover and women’s empowerment in creating resilience. We first model the effects of extreme rainfall on indicators of nutrition and food security, and then examine whether women’s empowerment and environmental land cover types can dampen the effects of rainfall shocks on these food security and nutrition outcomes. Our results find that there is a strong association between extreme precipitation and household hunger. Further, they suggest that in certain contexts land cover types providing ecosystem services can reduce household hunger scores, that empowering women can mitigate the effects of precipitation shocks, and that there may be an interactive effect between ecosystem service availability and women’s empowerment.

Overcoming gender gaps in rural mechanization: Lessons from reaper-harvester service provision in Bangladesh - Policy Note

Custom hiring of labor- and cost-saving agricultural machinery services is increasingly common in South Asia. We studied the gendered differences in women’s and men’s involvement in emerging markets for reaper-harvester machinery services in the Feed the Future Zone in Bangladesh. We find that women benefit from managing and sometimes owning machinery services, as well as from the direct and indirect consequences of hiring such services to harvest their crops. However, a number of technical, economic, and cultural barriers constrain women’s full participation in these benefits. The brief provides suggestions for initiatives promoting rural machinery services to more fully engage women, as business owners and users of machinery, to expand the benefits of these markets, with relevance for South Asia and other farming geographies dominated by smallholders.

Research Priorities for Cambodia - Policy Note

Agriculture is extremely important to Cambodia, representing at least one-third of the nation’s gross domestic product and providing employment to around 60 percent of the labor force. It is perhaps the most sensitive sector to changes in climate, with higher temperatures stressing plants, livestock, and workers, and rainfall variation through droughts and floods leading to crop losses and food insecurity. While it is important to consider the impact of climate change on agricultural production, it is also important to consider other cross-cutting issues to achieve the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy—especially gender and nutrition. This policy note summarizes assessments of these linkages in Cambodia under GCAN

Research Priorities for Bangladesh - Policy Note

Climate change, coupled with high levels of poverty and population density, is a substantial threat to sustainable development in Bangladesh. Climate-related threats, such as flooding, inundation, salt-water intrusion, and changes in temperatures are increasing with climate change. Achieving the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy requires careful consideration of the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production, while at the same time considering other cross-cutting issues that influence agricultural growth, poverty alleviation, and resilience—especially gender and nutrition. This policy note summarizes assessments of these linkages in Bangladesh under GCAN.

Policy note on the interlinkages of Climate Change, Gender and Nutrition in Nigeria

Increasing temperature, erratic rainfall, and other extreme events, such as floods and droughts, pose severe threats to development in Nigeria. Climate change will have significant adverse impacts on crop production and livelihoods, making the country’s poor and disadvantaged people even more vulnerable. It is imperative that the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production be considered, together with important cross-cutting issues that influence agricultural growth, poverty alleviation, and climate resilience—especially gender and nutrition—if the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy are to be achieved. This policy note summarizes assessments of these interlinkages in the Nigerian context under GCAN.

Research Priorities for Zambia - Policy Note

Climate change is a substantial threat to sustainable development in Zambia, a country experiencing weather hazards, drought and dry spells, seasonal and flash floods, and extreme temperatures that may well increase under climate change. Achieving the goals of Feed the Future and the Global Food Security Strategy requires careful consideration of the impact of relevant climate science on agricultural production, while at the same time considering other cross-cutting issues that influence agriculture-led poverty alleviation, resilience, and nutrition—such as gender. This policy note summarizes assessments of these linkages for Zambia under GCAN.

GCAN at the Gender and Resilience Working Group

IFPRI hosted a recent meeting of the Gender and Resilience Working Group meeting on June 26, 2017, where two members of the GCAN Team, Elizabeth Bryan and Sophie Theis, presented the GCAN framework. The presentation provided the rationale behind the framework and explained how it compliments other frameworks on resilience, agriculture and nutrition. Members of the working group presented plans for the development of a gender and resilience framework currently being designed by the group. Discussions were held on how the GCAN framework might inform the gender and resilience framework and how both can be applied to strengthen the integration of climate resilience, gender and nutrition into project implementation.

GCAN presentation to USAID Mission in Nigeria

During a week-long visit in Nigeria in May 2017, the GCAN team presented key climate-gender-nutrition linkages to the USAID Mission. Productive discussions took place between the GCAN team and USAID Mission staff on priorities and potential research topics that would inform USAID's programming in Nigeria. The GCAN team also helped the mission with the Climate Risk Screening and Management of their different activities.  GCAN presentation to Nigeria USAID mission - slide deck

Climate Change and Nutrition Linkages - Discussion Paper, Policy Note, Slide Deck

The intersection of climate change, food security, and nutrition is critical given growing adverse climate change impacts that threaten food security and nutrition outcomes, especially for the most vulnerable in the global South. The GCAN team put together a discussion paper which uses a food systems approach to analyze the bidirectional relationships between climate change and food and nutrition along the entire food value chain.

GCAN presentation to USAID mission in Cambodia

During a week-long visit in Cambodia in December 2016, the GCAN team presented key climate-gender-nutrition linkages to the USAID Mission. Productive discussions took place between the GCAN team and USAID Mission staff on priorities and potential research topics that would inform USAID's programming in Cambodia. The GCAN team also met with local implementing partners and stakeholders to gather information on current initiatives related to climate-gender-nutrition linkages in Cambodia. GCAN presentation to Cambodia USAID mission slide deck

GCAN presentation to USAID mission in Zambia

During a week-long visit in Zambia in November 2016, the GCAN team presented key climate-gender-nutrition linkages to the USAID Mission. Productive discussions took place between the GCAN team and USAID Mission staff on priorities and potential research topics that would inform USAID's programming in Zambia. The GCAN team also met with local implementing partners and stakeholders to gather information on current initiatives related to climate-gender-nutrition linkages in Zambia. GCAN presentation to Zambia USAID Mission slide deck

GCAN presentation to USAID mission in Bangladesh

During a week-long visit in Bangladesh in January 2017, the GCAN team presented key climate-gender-nutrition linkages. Productive discussions took place between the GCAN team and USAID Mission staff on priorities and potential research topics that would inform USAID's programming in Bangladesh. The GCAN team also met with local implementing partners and stakeholders to gather information on current initiatives related to climate-gender-nutrition linkages in Bangladesh. The GCAN team and the USAID Bangladesh Mission are currently working together to move these research topics forward. GCAN presentation to Bangladesh USAID Mission slide deck

Cambodia CSA-GLEE field trip 2016

2016 USAID CSA-GLEE

In December 2016, the USAID Bureau for Food Security, in collaboration with the USAID/Cambodia Mission, convened the Climate-Smart Agriculture Global Learning and Evidence Exchange (CSA-GLEE) meeting in Siem Reap, Cambodia, to deepen collaboration efforts and action on climate-smart agriculture.

2016 GCAN AgriLinks Webinar

Special webinar on how the Feed the Future Gender-Sensitive Climate-Smart Agriculture for Nutrition (GCAN) initiative aims to support USAID on the new Global Food Security Strategy.