Because of differences in men and women’s livelihood roles, assets, and opportunities, climate change affects men and women in different ways. Disparities in access to certain resources like information, capital, and labor, as well as mobility, education levels, and property rights, mean that women often have fewer options available for responding to climate change. In addition, women often have less of a say in a household and in a community about how to respond to climate change, given constraints to women’s participation in institutions like water user groups or disaster management committees. Programs meant to promote climate resilience can unintentionally exacerbate gender inequalities without paying attention to gender dynamics. Tapping into women’s different knowledge and networks can help with climate adaptation by mobilizing community members, improving targeting, and contributing to program design and monitoring.